CHORD NAME FINDER

DOMINANT CHORDS

Most often it's placed before the tonic,
the famous resolve called V to I,
the sounds it can make are multi-phonic,
classic or jazzy, second to none.

Explanation of Table Colors:


xyz Chord Tones: 1 = tonic, 2 = 2nd, b3 = Minor 3rd etc
xyz Basic Chord Tone: ie 2-3 = must be part of a 2 or 3 note chord
xyz Alternate Basic Chord Tone: ie 4-5 = can be part of a 4 or 5 note chord.
xyz Added Tension: ie 5-6 = appears in 5 or 6 note harmonies.
xyz Rarely Added Tension: creates clash or negates basic chord purpose.

PLEASE NOTE: All examples are based on the bass/root note "F".

Voicings are mainly in close position but can of course be used in many different ways.

Audio plays chords from left to right, once arpeggiated without bass note and then as written.


DOMINANT CHORDS:
Minimum notes required for identification of sound: 3 | maximum up to 7
Chord Symbol variations used: No debate about this one. Always use the number 7 (or 9 if it has been added) - C7, Bb9
Never call tension 13 a 6th and if 5 has been replaced by b5, name it 5b, not #11.
Scale for Impro: Myxolydian or melodic minor starting on step 5.
CHORD TONES   chordArrow
1 3 5 b7 9 #11 13
3 3 4 3 5 5-6 6-7
Major Chords NamingTable

DOMINANT CHORDS (1/2-tone/whole-tone scale)
Minimum notes required for identification of sound: 3 | maximum up to 8
Chord Symbol variations used: This is the same chord as above, but b9 and/or #9 have replaced natural 9.
Scale for Impro: Half-tone/Whole-tone scale (also called Diminished Blues scale). It is an 8-note scale.
CHORD TONES   chordArrow
135b7 b9#9#1113
3 3 4 3 5 5-6-7-8 5-6 5-6-7
Major Chords NamingTable

DOMINANT CHORDS (altered scale)
Minimum notes required for identification of sound: 3 | maximum up to 7
Chord Symbol variations used: Use the word "alt" - F7(alt) - or any combination of the added tensions b9, #9, #11 (b5) and b13 (#5). All 4 notes are interchangeable, use just 1 or all 4.
Most often used as the V-chord before a minor.
Scale for Impro: Altered scale (same as the melodic minor starting on the b9 note).
CHORD TONES   chordArrow
13 (#5-b5) b7 b9#9#11 b13
3 3 4 3 4-5-6 4-5-6 5-6-7 5-6-7
Major Chords NamingTable

DOMINANT CHORDS with sus4
Minimum notes required for identification of sound: 3 | maximum up to 6
Chord Symbol variations used: Use "sus4" or just "sus" F7(sus4) G9(sus). Very popular replacement for the straight dominant chord.
Scale for Impro: Mixolydian scale (avoid using the 3rd).
CHORD TONES   chordArrow
1 4 5 b7 9 13
3 3 4 3 5 6
Major Chords NamingTable

Dominant chords have the biggest variety of sounds.
Learn to recognize the basic ones
before you venture towards the altered.

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